The Roots of Great Power Competition: An Analysis Based on the Increasing Returns Mechanism
2023年02月08日 10:36 来源:Social Sciences in China Press 作者:Tian Ye

  Tian Ye

  School of International Studies, Renmin University of China

  Abstract:Geopolitics, technology and international institutions are three major areas of great power competition. In the analysis of great power relations,both the balance of power theory and the hegemony theory rely on the assumption of diminishing returns and ignore the possibility of increasing returns.Increasing returns play an extensive role in geographical location, technological evolution and institutional change;accordingly, the increasing returns mechanism in great power relations is reflected in the geopolitical competition, technological competition and international institutional competition of great powers.The rational expectation that initial advantages will be transformed into long-term advantages through the mechanism of increasing returns drives great powers into competition whether they are rivals or allies. As specific mechanisms leading to increasing returns, coordination effects operate in geopolitical competition, technological competition and international institution competition;learning effects are found in technological competition and international institution competition; and adaptive expectations play a part in international institution competition.Various cases, ranging from the Anglo-Dutch rivalry over maritime hegemony in the 17th century to the current US-European competition over international investment arbitration regimes, show that great power competition derives from the logic of increasing returns.

  Keywords:increasing returns, geopolitical competition, technological competition, international institution competition

图  片
视  频

友情链接: 中国社会科学院官方网站 | 中国社会科学网

网站备案号:京公网安备11010502030146号 工信部:京ICP备11013869号

中国社会科学杂志社版权所有 未经允许不得转载使用

总编辑邮箱 本网联系方式:010-85886809 地址:北京市朝阳区光华路15号院1号楼11-12层 邮编:100026